Dating us military uniforms
These two buttons also demonstrate other manufacturing differences, with a British-made button on the left, and a Confederate “local” on the right.
A Confederate “local” button refers to one produced within the Confederacy before or during the war, and is often of much lower quality, whereas there were some very beautiful Southern buttons made by the British worn during the Civil War.
Albert)Pictured are buttons from the various services that eventually became part of the US Coast Guard.
Note too how the eagle on the Coast Guard buttons (at the bottom) changed from facing left to facing right at the same time as with the US Navy in 1941.
The eagle appeared on many of the general staff buttons, but not on the Confederate general service nor the letter buttons.
On May 14, 1941 the Navy ordered that the head of the eagle face its right side.It exposed a very rare “Goldsboro Rifles” backmark known to exist on a rare North Carolina button.According to Tice, “Scovill produced this rare backmark for the “Goldsboro Rifles,” founded at the end of 1859 in response to John Brown’s unsuccessful Harpers Ferry, Virginia raid.” (source: Demonstrated below are two Civil War era non-dug North Carolina buttons.I am using many references to Albert’s button book, probably the best resource for US military uniform buttons.His book, the first book listed below, is a must for US military button collectors, as well as various other references on buttons and backmarks.