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The porcelain factory in Chelsea combined chalk and lime with ground-up glass; in Bow, soft-paste china was improved with the addition of animal-bone ashes, producing what is known as bone china.The Bristol, and then Worcester, porcelain stood out, however, as perhaps the finest soft-paste china of its time.It was made out of a steatize granite known as soapstone.It seemed to have many of the qualities of hard-paste china, it was finer-grained than other soft-pastes, and its glaze rarely crazed, which is when the surface is broken by fine lines.They often appear to have a greenish translucency, caused by the touch of cobalt added to the yellowish clear lead glaze.Another trademark of early or “First Period” or Dr.Often, a tea cup and a saucer clearly belonging to the same set feature two different marks, say the crescent and the fretted square—these may have been taken from different stockpiles and then sold as part of the same service.
Early Worcester is often unmarked, but several different marks were used including an open and solid crescent, a fretted square, the initial letter “W,” as well as crossed swords copied from Meissen and accompanied by a “9” or “91” with sets of fake Chinese characters painted in underglaze blue or overglaze black.
Archives and records of the factory's production as well as the world's largest collection of Royal Worcester porcelain dating back to 1751 can be found at this museum.
Royal Worcester Covered Sugar Royal Worcester sugar having lid with gilt handle. 4.5 inches height, 5.5 inches width, 3.75 inches depth.
Because the body and glaze of this “china” ware was made out of the same substance in different stages of decay, the firing process created a hard product that was impervious to liquids and resistant to scratching.
Europeans coveted this imported china dinnerware, and struggled to figure out how to make it, creating lower-quality soft-paste porcelain out of various materials.
Moving into the 20th century, Royal Worcester continued to maintain their reputation.