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In one noted case in 2011, actress Patricia Arquette quit Facebook after alleged cyberstalking.In her last post, Arquette explained that her security warned her Facebook friends to never accept friend requests from people they do not actually know.It is generally understood to be the use of the Internet or other electronic means to stalk or harass an individual, a group, or an organization.Cyberstalking is a form of cyberbullying, and the terms are often used interchangeably in the media.He may be anonymous and solicit involvement of other people online who do not even know the target.Cyberstalking is a criminal offense under various state anti-stalking, slander and harassment laws.Cyberstalking of intimate partners is the online harassment of a current or former romantic partner.It is a form of domestic violence, and experts say its purpose is to control the victim in order to encourage social isolation and create dependency.
Research has shown that actions that can be perceived to be harmless as a one-off can be considered to be trolling, whereas if it is part of a persistent campaign then it can be considered stalking.
Of those, one in four reported experiencing cyberstalking. Kowalski, a social psychologist at Clemson University, cyberbullying has been shown to cause higher levels of anxiety and depression for victims than normal bullying.
Kowalksi states that much of this stems from the anonymity of the perpetrators, which is a common feature of cyberstalking as well.
Both may include false accusations, defamation, slander and libel.
Cyberstalking may also include monitoring, identity theft, threats, vandalism, solicitation for sex, or gathering information that may be used to threaten or harass.
Harassers may send repeated insulting or threatening e-mails to their victims, monitor or disrupt their victims' e-mail use, and use the victim's account to send e-mails to others posing as the victim or to purchase goods or services the victim does not want.